A toddler is a child 12 to 36 months old. Toddler years are a time of cognitive, emotional and social development. The word is derived from "to toddle", which means to walk unsteadily, like a child of this age.
Burn safety at home
Many ordinary things in a home — including bath water, food and electrical outlets — can cause childhood burns.
To prevent burns at home:
-Reduce water temperature. Check the temperature of bath water with your hand before putting your child in the bath.
-Avoid hot spills. Don't cook, drink or carry hot beverages or foods while holding a child. Keep hot foods and liquids away from table and counter edges.
-Don't use tablecloths or placemats, which young children can pull down.
-Establish 'no' zones. Block access to the stove, fireplace, space heaters and radiators.
-Don't leave a child unattended in a room when these items are in use.Keep hot devices out of reach.
-Store items designed to get hot, such as clothes irons or curling irons, unplugged and out of reach.
-Test food temperature before feeding young children. Be careful with food or liquids warmed in a microwave, which might heat foods unevenly.
-Never warm a baby's bottle in the microwave.Choose a cool-mist humidifier or vaporizer. Cool-mist humidifiers prevent steam burns and hot-water spills.
-Address outlets and electrical cords. Cover unused electrical outlets with safety caps. Inserting a fork, key or other metal object into an outlet could result in an electrical burn.
-Keep electrical cords and wires out of the way so that children don't chew on them. Replace damaged, brittle or frayed electrical cords. Don't run cords under rugs or carpets.
-Choose fire-resistant fabrics. Check labels to make sure mattresses and pajamas meet federal flammability standards.
To protect children from outdoor hazards:
-Watch grills and fire pits. Don't let children play near grills, fire pits or campfires.
-Check car seats. Before placing your child in a car seat, check for hot straps or buckles. If you park in direct sunlight, cover the car seat with a towel or blanket.
-Avoid backyard fireworks. Don't let children play with or near fireworks or sparklers.
To prevent accidental fires:
-Turn the handles of your pots and pans toward the rear of the stove and use back burners when possible. Don't leave the stove unattended when you're cooking.
-Lock up matches and lighters. Store matches and lighters in a locked cabinet or drawer. Teach children that matches and lighters aren't toys.
-Use space heaters wisely. Keep space heaters at least 3 feet (about 1 meter) away from bedding, drapes, furniture and other flammable materials. Never leave a space heater on when you go to sleep or place a space heater near someone who's sleeping.
-Keep your fireplace clean. An annual cleaning of a fireplace and chimney can help prevent a chimney fire.
-Store flammable materials. Store securely flammable liquids in original containers.