Simple steps to care of your teeth
Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems. Dental problems include:
-dental caries or tooth decay
Factors that affect oral hygiene:
-Teeth cleaning is the removal of dental plaque and tartar from teeth to prevent tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. This is done carefully using a toothbrush and dental floss to prevent the accumulation of plaque on teeth.
-Dental flossing is the process of passing a waxed thread in between the teeth to prevent/reduce the accumulation of food particles hence, reducing the incidence of dental caries, gum disease, and/or bad breath.
-Tooth brushing- brush surfaces of teeth and tongue using a medium toothbrush.
-Tongue cleaning- using a toothbrush and /or tongue scraper, remove white/yellow bad-breath accumulating coat of bacteria, decaying food particles, and dead cells from the surface of the tongue.
FOOD AND DRINKS
1.) Beneficial Foods:-
-Bread and cereals are rich in Vitamin B and good for healthy gums.
-Fruits and vegetables are rich in Vitamin C.
Also for healthy gums.
-Eating crunchy vegetables like carrots and sweet potato helps to clean the gums.
2.) Detrimental Foods:-
-Sugars, sweets, ice creams, cakes, and biscuits cause tooth decay especially when the teeth are exposed to them frequently without brushing.
-Acids in fruit juices and cola drinks increase the incident for caries because it demineralizes (softens) the tooth.
-Sticky foods/sweets like toffee and fried plantain are also implicated.
-Using mouth wash is strongly recommended. It helps reduce the load of bacteria in the mouth.
-Floss at least once a day.
-Brush at least twice a day.